At the University of Georgia and State University, more than 10 percent of the student population on campus has been infected with COVID-19 this semester. About 700 students have tested positive in an institution with fewer than 7,000 students. The College last month started offering tests for students, so many of these cases were self reported from students tested elsewhere.

But now, after an intense and alarming peak in late August, cases have declined sharply in school. Although in its heyday the administration was reporting 60 cases of students per day, now the average number of cases of students in the last seven days a score of less than one is obtained.

Damian Francisco, an epidemiologist and professor of public health at the University of Georgia, says that the cumulative case count does not matter much at this point.

"This is an example of a university that did well," he said.

Francis said in his interpretation of the data, the students came to the University of areas with high spread in the community. There was an outbreak, but infections mostly ran its course and within 14 days ran out.

"I get half the credit to the students," he said, explaining that students have refrained from socializing in large groups and other risky activities.

other schools have students must come up with cases and have sought to implement measures to prevent an outbreak, such as testing of all students or ask all students to quarantine for two weeks on arrival, allowing infections resolve without causing an outbreak of size which is at the University of Georgia.

Francis said that these measures would probably have been impossible or inadvisable in the public institution. Test mass, he said, could force the state's ability to acquire and pay for diagnostic tests. mass quarantines is likely that students would not prevent socialization, but stressed that it is an epidemiologist and not a psychologist behavior. (In many private universities, these measures and procedures are in place.)

While some in higher education have maintained that all university reopenings are irresponsible, some health experts, especially those who work for or universities, I have argued against pessimism. The reopening of schools is part of the reopening of society, they said, and the number of cases are not as important as how schools are able to handle them.

While some universities have sent or kept students at home during the semester, Francis joined others in saying that this plan is not necessarily more responsible.

"students are safer at school than at home," he said, explaining that the university has masking requirements and other measures that students wouldn 't necessarily have at home.

The university has not been home quarantine offer for most students, only those who have nowhere else to go. Many have traveled home quarantine, once they have achieved a positive result. Francis said housing for quarantine would likely increase the welfare of students and make students feel more comfortable, but would not help prevent cases on their own. Organizations such as the American College Health Association have recommended offer home quarantine for all students.

Georgia College also has continued to hold classes in person during and after the outbreak. Some teachers have complained that they are putting their safety at risk teaching students face to face. Francis said he understands the anxiety of their fellow faculty members, especially during the height of the outbreak, and thinks allowing more instructors to choose online classes probably put your mind at ease.

The outbreak, he said, was worrying because it was unclear if the number of cases would decrease or just keep climbing. But now that cases are a lower time, it is clear that measures the university has been taking, such as social distancing in the classroom and require masks, are working. Compared to some great institutions and well-resourced, the university has made great Changes in the life of the campus. But Francis said, the Changes they have made have been sufficient.

Avery James, a M.F.A. student, teaching assistant graduate and member of the union of employees on campus, said he is grateful for cases declining, but she still is concerned about the side effects of the reopening.

"We still must consider that this is a new virus and still not necessarily know the long term effects of this," he said. "There have been reports of lung scarring and blood clots and cardiac arrest for people who are perfectly healthy and gotten through it."

James said he is also concerned about the reopening university affected the community, including whether the students gave the virus to their families when they were sent home or may have infected others in Midgeville, Ga., where the university is located.

Reviews county level data have revealed that a college classes from -person has been correlated with increased COVID-19 counts of cases in those counties. Between 1,000 and 5,000 new cases per day across the country are probably attributable to reopen universities face to face instruction, a working paper published in the pre-printing of Multiple researchers from different universities has suggested server.

COVID-19 case data from Baldwin County, where the University of Georgia, does not suggest conclusively that infections on campus led to an outbreak in the largest community in other demographics is.

Steven Dorman, president of the University of Georgia, said he agrees with the interpretation of data Francis.

"I think what this is telling us is that our preparation, our strategy continues mitigation and constant reminders that we are sending - all this seems to be working," he said by email. "I am very grateful for the work that all the university has done to keep themselves and each other safe."

Dorman added that he believes that large student gatherings outside the campus also contributed to the outbreak of August, but that students have responded well to reminders to keep aloof.

as to whether the methods mitigation that other universities have used, such as quarantine or testing students on arrival, would have helped avoid a high count of cumulative cases, Dorman said the university followed the best advice from experts in public health.

"in the time it reopened, the [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] recommended no quarantine or test the entire campus before the opening. And it seems that some schools that were able to have mass testing or require testing before coming to school has not fared any better, "he said by email. "Let's let epidemiologists and those who study this at CDC to make a thorough analysis of whether to quarantine or proof mass could have or would have prevented an outbreak or would in the future."

Some in higher education and public health have questioned the advice of the CDC, because the revelations about political influence in its public orientation, but the United States currently has no other federal agency offering alternative orientation.

Dorman said it was "not aware" of community outreach.

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