Hundreds of schools have invested or altered their reopening plans in the past after weeks of taking stock of the availability of testing safety of students and teachers concerns-19 COVID, state regulations and worsening public health crisis .

through May, June and July, many universities have announced reopening person plans including protocols of social distancing requirements resist mask to wear, living arrangements of low density and regular testing for students and employees.

Like many reopening plans were finalized, the coronavirus pandemic emerged in the United States. states home northeast of the first points of viral access - including New Jersey and New York - have stifled largely their buds worse, but the count of cases have skyrocketed in the states of the south and southwest during the last month. count cases are swelling in California and reaching new peaks in Colorado, Louisiana, Washington and Wisconsin. From Tuesday, the United States had more total cases than any other country in the world and most of the cases as a proportion of the population of the country.

Many colleges they plan to bring students back to campus for fall semester having invested the full course and opted for online-only instruction. Smith College President Kathleen McCartney announced last week that the university would not bring students back to school this fall, citing "new scientific evidence as well as recent and worrying trends nationally and in Massachusetts level." Days later, the Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts announced that it would reopen for instruction in person this fall.

Berklee College of Music in Boston, said last week it would conduct a virtual fall semester. This was partly due to travel restrictions and the difficulty of achieving international students back on campus, said Betsy Newman, vice president of Berklee for student enrollment and commitment.

outside Baltimore Goucher College and Salem College in North Carolina have also dismissed the idea of ​​instruction in person.

Some universities only have delayed their start dates of each person. University of Maryland announced Monday it would delay all undergraduate teaching in person for two weeks until September 14, citing the high rate of positivity COVID-19 at his home in the county, the County of Prince George. Brown University, said Tuesday it would bring a significant number of students back to school in October at the earliest, delaying previous plans. Brown remains is to determine when and how many students will be able to return, if any. The decision is remarkable after President Brown wrote an opinion piece in The New York Times in April arguing for the campus to reopen for several reasons, including low-income students face barriers to distance learning, the economy depends on it and that schools need the income.

Previously, the University of Maryland and the University of Brown planned to reopen in person at the beginning of the fall semester.

Chapman University in Southern California recently announced that it would begin the fall semester with online instruction. The university had been waiting on additional guidance from the California Governor Gavin Newsom and decided to go online as public health situation in the state worsened.

The decision to Chapman, although crucial for students and employees safety, contribute to the growing deficit of the university.

"These are very expensive propositions for universities," said Daniele Struppa, president of Chapman. "Between the loss of income and additional costs, we face a deficit of $ 100 to $ 110 million. For a significant amount of money."

Winthrop University knew containing the spread of COVID-19 on campus would be difficult, and their leaders opted to delay instruction in person until 7 September excessive caution. Two students tested positive for COVID-19 during the summer.

"We have learned that even with a small number of students, the spread of the community will happen when the numbers across the state were increasing steadily. Two students made positive tests and were treated," Judy Longshaw, a spokesman for the university, wrote in an email. "One of the theft of important ball for us was that sending students home if possible for quarantine and / or isolation is our preference. Sick children need care, and they do not have staff to provide the level of care some students who get the virus may need. "

Miami University in Ohio, Illinois State University and the University of California-Merced have also delayed start dates in person, among many others.

August changes affect many students who were planning to return to campus this fall. For some, the sense of déjà vu was.

Benjy Renton, a student of East Asian Studies and the largest increase in Middlebury College, was in China in January when the outbreak worsened COVID-19 in the country.

"I saw things go wrong the first time and I had to see it go wrong the second time," he said.

Renton has been tracking investments and changes in the school plan as the University of Southern California announced in early July that most instruction grade will be held online. because the university has delayed the return of students to school and said that all instruction will take place online during at least part of the autumn period.

Most of the reopening of notices of change was made in late July and early August, according to data from Renton. Last week, more than 40 schools free changes in their plans to reopen. Half of the Renton schools cite documented public health crisis in progress as the main reason for the changes. student health and safety, the availability of evidence and transmission COVID-19 on campus were also cited in some cases

Renton has focused on monitoring two trends :. When universities announce changes and where universities are announcing changes

similar institutions in similar geographical areas tend to follow the footsteps of each other, he said. For example, in Washington, DC, George Washington University announced on July 27 that it would invest their plans and carry out all online instruction in the fall. Georgetown University did the same two days later, and the American University announced the same day 30 July.

Location has also played a role. New Jersey, for example, has strict requirements about what must be met before universities can reopen conditions. University of New Jersey, Princeton University, the University of San Pedro and Rowan University are carrying out all or most online classes.

If schools do not take students back, Renton is not optimistic about how long they will be able to remain open in person this fall. He compares residential campus aircraft carriers, cruise ships and nursing homes -. Situations where people live in close proximity

"All we've seen just do not go well Theoretically, all files. Science is telling us not," Renton said.

from Tuesday, Middlebury College is planning to take students in the fall. Renton intends to return to school.

"go back now," he said. "From the data we got last night, most students intend to return to school. I think hopefully we'll just hope for the best, and hope that we can stay as long that we can."

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