President Trump signed an executive order Monday suspending entry into the US by foreigners through a series of programs nonimmigrant work visa, including the H-1B program for skilled workers, many universities use to recruit professors and postdoctoral scholars.

The order, which runs until 31 December, also suspends certain subcategories of visas J-exchange visitor to deny entry to those wishing to participate in practices, apprentice, teacher, camp counselor , au pair programs and summer work travel. It does not affect visa holders coming to the US as university students, professors and researchers through the same program.

Significantly for higher education, the order of Trump does not affect the optional practical training program, which allows international students to work in the US for up to three years after graduating staying in their student visas F. The decision not to impose new restrictions on the OPT program at this time was a relief for higher education organizations and administrators who have joined with business groups to defend strongly to keep the program in place.

Still, advocates for higher education said they remain concerned about possible changes to opt through the regulatory process. They say the suspension of H-1B visas, in particular, damage its ability to recruit international talent.

Other visa categories to be suspended under the executive order Monday are H-4 program, a category for spouses dependent; H-2B, a category for not less skilled workers agricultural; and L visas, a category for transfers within the company. The administration also extends to the end of the year an existing ban on new green card holders entering the country.

said administration officials Trump at a briefing on Monday that the combined measures will release 525,000 jobs for Americans during a time of economic crisis. The announcement states that "the entry of additional workers through the H-1B, H-2B, J and programs L nonimmigrant visa ... represents a significant threat to employment opportunities for Americans affected by disturbances caused by extraordinary economic COVID- 19 outbreak "

Stephen Yale-Loehr, a professor of the practice of immigration at Cornell University, said." the announcement does not understand that many immigrant workers, foreign workers, especially highly skilled, help the growth of the economy. "

Yale-Loehr said the suspension of H-1B visas could have an impact on the University of hiring, 'probably not so much quantity and quality. '

"will affect H-1B are outside the United States now that is not going to be able to come to teach and work for a university. and while universities can not have a lot of those people s, which can be very important. Perhaps a new teacher, for example, who have recruited largely, but not be able to reach the United States to St teaching art. "

Craig Lindwarm, vice president of government affairs for the Association of Public Universities and Land Grant, said the association" refers largely to control over H-1B visas substantially damaged the capacity public universities to attract and retain the best talent from around the world to educate and research ".

Sarah Sprietzer, director of government relations for the American Council on Education, said many institutions use the H-1B program to the faculty of cars in the STEM fields of high need, such as engineering and information technology. "we are concerned that this will impact the hiring of teachers especially in these important fields," he said.

Sprietzer also said immigration actions can be confusing for international students.

"While we are pleased that do not include OPT, if you are an international student, to be so covered my visa for this? Should I be concerned "

H-1B visas are very important for many international students who use the visa category as a way to stay and work in the US The demand for H-1B exceeds regular supply; there were more than 200,000 applicants for 85,000 places available last year (Congress has set a limit on the number of H-1B available, although universities are among a small group of employers who are exempt from this cap.) < p> said administration officials Trump at the briefing that the administration plans to replace the lottery through which the H-1B visas are granted in favor of granting visas to the 85,000 applicants with salary offers more high. If international students applying for H-1B visas would benefit mostly from a transition to what officials Trump administration described as a system based more on merit for the award of H-1B visas is an open question, Although it might possibly be inconvenient for students applying without an advanced degree or less lucrative occupations -. and a plus for holders of advanced degrees applying for positions in high-wage fields

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