Advocates of International students are raising alarms about a possible management plan to reduce Trump a popular program that allows International students to work in the US for up to three years after graduating from college. Proponents say the Restrictions on the program could have serious economic consequences for the US labor market and for schools that recruit International students and depend on the income they bring.

It is estimated that 223.085 International students participated in optional practical training, or opt, in the 2018-19 academic year and participation in OPT has increased in recent years.

"is an essential part of the benefit package we offer International students coming to the United States," said Brad Farnsworth, vice president for global commitment to the American Council on Education. ACE joined with nine other higher education associations in sending a letter to the White House last week requesting a meeting to discuss the OPT program.

"The opportunity to gain practical work experience that is aligned with your curriculum is a great attraction," Farnsworth said. "The market for International students is a global market, and students from major countries, China and India, have very attractive options. For example, the UK recently restored equivalent to TPO."

The Wall Street Journal recently reported that the Trump Administration is considering the imposition of temporary Restrictions on TPO, which allows International students in the STEM fields to work for a US employer for up to three years after graduating and students in all other fields of work for one year, all while staying in their student visas. It is not clear what Restrictions may seem - several options reportedly under consideration - but officials Trump Administration said are designed to help graduates of America in search of work entry level during the economic downturn. Administration officials cited the unemployment rate of 26 percent between 18 and 24 years of age, that supposedly would be competing for jobs with International students, as a reason for imposing temporary Restrictions on the program.

A May 7 letter from a group of four Republican senators - Tom Cotton, Arkansas; Ted Cruz, Texas; Chuck Grassley, Iowa; and Josh Hawley, Missouri - Trump urged to suspend OPT along with several worker programs, saying, "Certainly, there is no reason for foreign students staying for three additional years only to fill jobs that otherwise than as Americans unemployed our economy recovers. "

A coalition of chapters College Republican has also asked Trump to finish the OPT program, saying that the repeal of the work permit for foreigners would "alleviate the economic suffering of American college students and recent graduates looking for meaningful employment in these difficult times. "

advocates reducing immigration have upset a lot of the OPT program, which, unlike the visa program for H-1B skilled workers, which is not subject to requirements that companies pay a wage competitive to reduce the likelihood that companies that hire immigrant workers with lower wages than US workers. Opponents of the program also point to the fact that some participants OPT (and by extension, their employers) pay no taxes for Social Security or Medicare, making them cheaper than their US counterparts.

A lawsuit pending against the program presented by the Alliance of Washington workers argues technology that the Department of Homeland Security overstepped his authority in creating TPO and the program creates "unfair competition American workers. "

"Now is the perfect time to reduce the size of the program TPO," David North, a member of the Center for Immigration Studies, a research center that promotes reducing legal immigration, wrote in a blog on May 26. North proposes to reduce the program - which is currently open to any International student -. To include only those students who graduate in the top quarter of his class in high US universities rank

But companies have been very supportive of the OPT program. More than 300 entrepreneurs and business groups signed a letter urging Trump 21 to not Restrict the OPT program or other visa programs for highly skilled workers. The letter cites research published by the Business Roundtable in December 2018 found that reducing the share of TPO by 60 percent negatively affect the US economy and result in the loss of 443,000 jobs more a decade, including 255,000 jobs occupied by foreign workers.

"This result reinforces the findings of many previous studies showing that workers born abroad actually create jobs for workers born global, rather than move them," the report investigation.

Another study published last year by the National Foundation for American Policy, a research organization focused on trade and immigration, "found no evidence that foreign students participating in the OPT program reduce employment opportunities for American workers. Instead, the evidence suggests that US employers are more likely to appeal to students foreign workers when American workers are scarce "

A briefing paper released by NFAP earlier this month, noted that unemployment in computer occupations -. A popular area for participants and OPT visa holders H-1B - actually declined during the economic downturn, declining 3 percent in January to 2.8 percent in April

"those questions raised by the data on the capacity of the Trump Administration. use the unemployment rate for computer professionals to justify new Restrictions being considered for visa holders H-1B and International students working in optional practical training "says the report.

The Trump Administration has indicated long plans to introduce a new proposed rule that would reform the OPT program - plans for a rule such are a regular feature of its bi-annual regulatory agenda - but has yet to produce a standard of this type. Supporters of the program say OPT two recent presidential actions framed as intended to stimulate the economy give reasons for concern OPT action might come.

The first, a presidential proclamation issued in April to suspend the entry of immigrants certain directs the secretaries of national security, labor and the state to review all non-immigrant programs - a category that includes visas International students and OPT, as well as the H-1B program - and recommending "appropriate measures to stimulate the US economy and ensure prioritization, recruitment and employment of US workers."

the second, an executive Order published in the Federal Register last week, directs agencies "address this economic emergency to the terminate, modify, waiving, or exemptions from regulations and other requirements that may inhibit economic recovery. "

Stephen Yale-Loehr, a professor of the practice of immigration at Cornell University, said administ Trump ration could take a number of measures in relation to OPT, ranging from the introduction of a proposed rule - a long process that involves public notice and comment period - to issue an executive Order immediate termination or suspension of the program, a move likely to be challenged immediately in court. An intermediate option, he said, would be to temporarily change the rules governing OPT in the light of Order giving heads of executive agencies last week broad discretion to set aside or rules review consider to inhibit economic recovery - A Yale-Loehr action said also likely be challenged in court.

"I personally think the president is likely that the first option to instruct the Department of Homeland Security to initiate rulemaking because I think you're getting a lot of recoil companies are based OPT "Yale-Loehr said. "A proposed rule would give political cover, while actually the TPO program is not suspended."

"The nightmare scenario that many International students are concerned about some sort of pin-of-the-blue suspension of the program in which all who have applied is out of luck and everyone is in the program have to leave the country, "said Doug Rand, who worked on immigration policy in the Obama white House and now is co-founder of Unlimited immigration, a company technology that helps immigrants to obtain green cards and citizenship. "That seems very unlikely. I do not mean it's impossible, but it's hard to imagine a legal authority that could point to do that. "

Rand said that while the president has broad powers to deny the entry of foreigners to the United States, the powers of the president are much more limited when it comes to the immigration status of individuals and they are in the US

Even if the ending does nothing to temporarily Restrict the OPT, Farnsworth, of ACE, he said the perception of the program is vulnerable material in and of itself.

"International students are reading the same things we are reading," he said. "Even an active debate on OPT suspension has an impact."

International  Trump  Administration  Order  Unlimited  Restrict 

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