As the new infects coronavirus and kills more people in the United States, several universities in the West Coast, including the University of Washington and Stanford University, have chosen to give classes in person for learning from distance.

The University of Washington announced its transition in the morning on Friday and announced his Stanford on Friday night. Both begin on Monday and continue through the remainder of the quarter. University of Washington officials have said that pending the orientation of public health agencies, who plan to return to the instruction face to face at the beginning of the spring quarter, on March 30 Brandman University, the University of Seattle and campus of the University of the Northeast Seattle have also moved to distance learning for the moment.

The decision to transition classes is part of an attempt of "social distancing", the practice of limiting large gatherings and contacts in person to stop transmission of the virus, called SARS-CoV-2.

"The question is not only how we can stop this epidemic, but how can we slow down so our health system can respond," said UW President Ana Mari Cauce at a press conference on Friday .

School will be primarily responsible for making decisions about how to move their classes to distance learning.

The decision to 'Close'

Cauce stressed that while classes move outside the classroom, the campus university t res will not be shut. hospital operations, scientific research and food service will all continue, and students are allowed to stay in their dormitories and residences.

"We have some students here for one trip home is not possible," Cauce said. He noted that although the virus is more dangerous for the elderly and people with chronic diseases, some students still may fall into those categories. Students at risk groups, he said, were no longer attend school.

The University of Washington enrolls more than 50,000 students, most of whom take classes in person. An online petition released last week asking the university to close gathered more than 20,000 signatures.

The university announced separately that a member of staff has received a positive test "presumed" to the coronavirus but stressed that the decision to end -person classes was made before this revelation. Four students have also taken tests for the coronavirus, but these tests have come back negative, authorities said.

Denzil Suite, vice president of student affairs at the University of Washington, said bars open areas in kitchens, such as salad bars, made the change to a "grab and go" model. Cleaning and disinfection in student residences have doubled.

Cauce was emphatic on Friday the virus and the response of the university would have financial implications, but those who try and worried later.

"We will make a decision based on what is right," he said.

Joseph Janes, a professor of library and information science and president of the Senate of the Faculty of UW, said the administration has handled the situation taking into account the circumstances well.

"very often, especially in higher ed, we thought, 'What are our similar institutions going to do?'" He said. "This is a case where you really had to turn."

Janes said for most teachers, the decision to cancel classes in person probably was a surprise. But in general, the administration has done a good job maintaining leadership of the faculty of information and consultation, he said.

"There has been a kind of growing sense of uncertainty and anxiety about what was going to happen," Janes said. "I think this will provide security to people."

Teaching in an epidemic

Janes said the administration has made the decision on exactly how to move online classes, or whether it is worthwhile at all trying, to each individual faculty member.

"There are so many different types of classes, there is no way to make a one size fits all," he said. "There are some classes in which I can imagine it's just very hard to move forward."

With few days left in the quarter, Janes says many instructors have nearly finished covering their material. For the remaining content, instructors have full agency to decide whether they would like to hold lectures on video, recording instructional videos or try another form. Final exams transition could take home-tests or projects.

For classes that involve the use of laboratories, performances or studies, none of these measures could have powers. Teachers can choose then simply grade students on work already completed.

Classification students only in the first 80 percent of the semester raises equity issues for instructors who built a large final evaluation and important markschemes of the curriculum and students, Janes said, but the decision remains in the hands of the instructors. They can also opt-grade students passed reprobate.

Brandman University, which announced a similar transition, teaches around 85 percent of their credit hours online. That makes the transition easier because the infrastructure is already there, said Jennifer Murphy, associate vice chancellor for innovation Brandman instruction.

The Brandman classes that meet in person are still based on the learning system Brandman and only meet for a session of three hours per week, he said. These are called mixed courses, since much of the course has been completed yet online. Sessions in person for these combined courses have moved to videoconferencing Zoom tool.

"We are able to do this with a detrimental effect on" Murphy said. "When looking at the front potentially allowing students, faculty, staff sick because something happens, it seems that we can do this, so why not?"

The university has increased training for trainers and zoom allowed to request a staff member of the office of academic innovation to attend a class if they are nervous about technology.

line movement has raised questions for some universities on exactly how much they are capable of with existing technology.

"If you do not have an LMS that is solid or not having courses already built a LMS, that's a big boost," Murphy said. "Depending on what things you already have in place, it could be a very difficult process."

Several universities have been circulating guidance to teachers on how to teach through online methods during an emergency. Orientation of the University of California, Los Angeles, faculty said the administration has purchased more licenses for Zoom. The university also drew attention to a browser lock available for faculty for use during assessments, providing a full sound and video recording of the attempt to test.

School have been similarly circulating its own guidance on how to teach fellow online on the fly, sometimes with step by step instructions. managers instructional design and technology have emphasized temporarily displaced person classes for distance learning is different from design and development of a course that is entirely online.

"Teaching well online requires a much more intentional arc of planning and learning about design and pedagogy," Penelope Moon Adams, director of strategy for online learning on the campus of the University of Washington Bothell, he tweeted. "We need measures to get out of the way, but they are not the same as online teaching."

Sean Michael Morris, director of the Laboratory of Digital Education at the University of Colorado in Denver, instructors advised classification rethink about participation and attendance.

"The work is harder than asynchronous synchronous work," he said through Twitter. "The assessment should reflect that."

Morris and others have also stressed the fact that the transition to online teaching must keep classes accessible to students with disabilities and students who may lack access to the Internet or any other technology in the country.

Megan Raymond, director of the program in the Western Interstate Commission for technology superior cooperative education, said that going online may not be suitable for all institutions, depending on how many of its students and they are online and other factors.

"There are a lot of implications that institutions have to evaluate and reflect carefully," she said, including whether students have devices that allow them to complete an online course.

was pleased that the University of Washington has decided to keep open dining halls and other services for students who may be unsafe foods or equally vulnerable.

Although online courses in motion usually requires an accreditation process, that of partment of Education released a letter Thursday morning giving institutions a broad approval to the technology away temporarily use coronavirus respond to without going through the regular approval process.

From Friday, Janes had decided not of the whole as was going to move his statistics class graduates online.

"We are in uncharted territory," he said.

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