It is not unusual that Theodore HodAPP gets a call when a university physics department is under the Threat of cuts or closing. As Director of Project Development in American Physical Society over the past 16 years, he generally received one or two calls per year.

"Now I have received, I think, six requests in the last year, just to give it a sense, and three in the last month," said Hodapp last week at a session of the annual Leadership Meeting of APS, which was practically held this year due to the pandemic. "We realize that this economic thing is hitting many places, it is hitting smaller places more than it is hitting larger places, and we are trying to work with the departments as much as we can help them."

Physics, a relatively expensive program to operate and an important one that inscribes a modest number of students, is one of the many disciplines of arts and liberal sciences that has reached the growing pressure in recent years as the universities dealing with Of diverse with a decrease in public financing, registration falls and demographic changes have cut or consolidated degree programs and change resources to the fields that produce older. These pressures have only been exacerbated by the pandemic.

"The departments come to us and say: 'The Provost woke up today and is going to close our program' or 'the president says that the boys are doing alone. Four greater per year and I have to close all The programs with less than 10, "Hodapp said in an interview. "It is happening more frequently in the last six to seven years just by the slow decrease in public financing for higher education."

HODAPP said that tensions are higher in regional public institutions, but more and more APS is also seeing. Difficulties between physics departments at smaller private universities. He said that the pandemic has led to additional reductions in enrollment and enrollment income in smaller institutions.

The difficulties are generalized. During the session on Thursday last on how teachers can be proactive in the response to the Threats faced by Physics Departments, Courtney Lannert, Physics Professor at Smith College and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, presented data from a chairs survey of physics in the spring and summer in which almost half of the respondents, 45.2 percent, they said their departments faced moderate or severe Threats.

Specifically, the respondents were asked if their department faced a Threat, "such as significant loss of funds, a significant reduction in significant reduction in power lines, or potential closure or fusion of its department o Grade program ". LanneRet said the percentage of respondents who reported moderate or severe Threats was higher among respondents who taught in master's grant institutions (54 percent) and licensing institutions (54 percent), while It was much lower for those in doctoral grant institutions (22.9 percent.).

"What we are seeing is between bachelor's granting institutions and mastery, more than half of physics departments say they are experiencing some level of Threat to their existence," Lannerert said.

Although the survey was carried out in May, after the start of the pandemic, respondents were asked to report only Threats that were not related to the Covid pandemic and associated economic strains.

"It is important to realize that the levels of Threat informed here in these data are actually an underestimation, since we know that Covid-19 has led to budget cuts, freezing freezings, etc." , Lanert said.

LANNERT UNITED WITH JIM BORGARDT, Juniata College, in the creation of a Ki T tool for the departments under Threat. The toolkit was informed by interviews with 50 different and identified professors and professors, departments under Threat can agree with different schedules. Offers concrete ideas for what they can do to work with administrators to advocate their departments at this time, and what they can do more than a year or


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